Zamal, cannabis from Reunion Island
Cannabis or marijuana is a plant that at present can be located in all corners of the globe. There is clear proof that the cannabis plant originated in the Eastern/Central Asian regions. Then, it spread to the Middle East, and afterwards, to each the African and American continents.
More than the centuries, by means of traveling and industrial activities, humanity established cannabis cultivation in regions exactly where it didn’t develop naturally. A best instance of this expansion is Zamal, the strain that reached Reunion Island and acclimatized to the point of increasing spontaneously as a pure landrace for more than two centuries.
Exactly where does the Reunion Zamal come from?
Reunion Island is positioned to the east of Madagascar, at roughly 21ºS latitude. The Arabs found this island in the 10th century, and in the 17th century, it was occupied by France, who introduced massive coffee and sugar crops. Quite a few slaves have been sent to Reunion Island to perform on these farms, and these are the people today who introduced cannabis seeds for cultivation and consumption.
It is accepted that the slaves (exactly where the name Zamal comes from) from Africa and India brought to Reunion Island distinctive varieties of Zamal, traditionally applied with spiritual, but also medicinal purposes, to alleviate discomfort, anxiousness, and fatigue.
Organic choice, primarily based on the survival of the lines and phenotypes much better adapted to the climate of the island, gave rise to distinctive varieties of strains, all of them with a distinct Sativa nature. The island’s climate and photoperiod, propitious for all year round flowering, favoured Sativa plants the most, which created vigorously regardless of the quick days and have been really resistant to humidity, with a flower structure substantially fluffier and airier than that of Indica strains.
Zamal’s distinctive genetic lines
Based on the location, we can uncover distinctive genetic lines that evolved according to elements such as their origins, the microclimate they adapted to, and the other cannabis lineages they have been crossed with (or not), by way of the wind, animals, and even growers that could have taken the pollen (or the seeds) from one particular location to a further. These distinctive varieties of Zamal are designated by the term Kality, which indicates the species and/or top quality of the harvest (ripe, with seeds, and so forth.).
Zamal Mangu’ Carot
Zamal Mango Carrot is one particular of the most well-known strains, and it is characterized by a fruity terpene profile that combines notes of mango and carrot, and in some cases grows close to mango trees. This strain is usually Sativa, really tall and with a extended flowering time.
Zamal Kalité Poiw
This Zamal line presents a spicy aroma. Native to the Cirque of Mafate, Kality Poiw is also identified in some circles as Peppermint Mallow, due to its purple tones and black pepper notes so characteristic of this strain.
Zamal Fil Rouge
Zamal Fil Rouge is mainly present in the Cirque de Salazie, but it is also located in Mafate. As the name suggests, this strain develops red pistils for the duration of flowering.
Le sec au pied (dried though standing)
This is a really distinctive Sativa lineage of the Zamal, whose alleged origin would be Afghanistan or North Africa. Quite resinous, this weed induces intense effects, mostly simply because it is commonly harvested soon after drying it (therefore the name).
Other strains names are Une Taff and Le Grain… They do not refer to the plant genetic traits, but the top quality of the flowers: Une Taff owes this name to its devastating energy, though Le Grain is a pollinated plant that, consequently, consists of a lot of seeds.
Developing traits of Zamal
Outside cultivation of Zamal
In its all-natural atmosphere, Zamal weed grows all through the year with a flowering photoperiod, creating up for the lack of a vegetative phase with vigorous development and a blooming period of numerous months. When this strain receives a lot of light, water and nutrients, it develops massive plants of good dimensions and numerous meters tall.
Harvesting the mature buds straight from the Zamal without having cutting the plant, is a widespread practice in Reunion Island. This way, the plant will continue to develop and flower, giving a lot of harvests for numerous years.
In Europe, Zamal’s outside cultivation can be a tiny bit far more complicated, as it desires three to four months of flowering in order to mature but these plants have a fantastic resistance that enables them to go by means of the final phase without having a difficulty.
Indoor cultivation of Zamal
In an indoor develop, the grower will have to handle the size of the plants by pruning, folding, applying the SCROG or LST strategies, and even cultivating them with a 12/12 light cycle from the really starting in order to limit their height.
Today’s cannabis marketplace presents distinctive strains of Zamal weed in the kind of seeds, from 100% Sativa varieties, such as Zamaldelica by Ace Seeds, Double Zamal by Underground Seeds, and Mango Pepper and Mangu Karot by French Touch Seeds, but also hybrids that are straightforward to develop thanks to their lowered flowering time and vegetative vigour, like Zamalmystik by the Underground Seeds Collective.